We operate in a sustainable way promoting biodiversity

The objective of our biodiversity work is to prevent loss of biodiversity in our operations and value chain. We are committed to operate in a sustainable way promoting biodiversity. We build our selections in such a way that products and their packaging burden biodiversity as little as possible throughout their life cycle.

Human existence is dependent on nature. Nature and its rich biodiversity provide us with natural resources, such as food, clean water, energy and raw materials. People’s actions are causing the currently ongoing sixth mass extinction of species. We must do things in such a way that makes our utilisation of the land and seas sustainable.

At K Group, we have identified our ties, impacts and opportunities related to biodiversity. As a trading sector company, we understand our role in securing and promoting biodiversity.

We will strengthen our biodiversity work and prepare division-specific goals to promote biodiversity.

The key principles according to which we progress in our biodiversity work are:

  • We operate in a sustainable way promoting biodiversity.

  • We promote sustainable use of natural resources in our own operations and value chains.

  • We build our selection in such a way that strives to promote the preservation of biodiversity throughout the life cycle of the products we sell.

  • We observe our sustainability policies guiding our sourcing to prevent causing any risks to biodiversity in our supply chains.

  • We enable our customers to lead sustainable and healthy lifestyles.



Our greatest impacts on biodiversity occur throughout the life cycle of the products on sale.

Raw materials critical to biodiversity in our supply chain include fish and shellfish, timber, palm oil, soy, cocoa and cotton. The sustainable sourcing of these materials is guided by our sustainability policies


We are committed to supporting the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our operations. From the perspective of biodiversity, we promote the following SDGs in particular: 

The commitment on biodiversity was approved by Kesko’s Group Management Board on 25 January in 2021.

We have carried out an ecosystem services assessment to identify what services provided by nature we are using and where we can make an impact on with our actions.

Provisioning services are material benefits provided by ecosystems, such as food, raw materials of products, energy and water.

Regulating services are processes of the ecosystems that life on earth is based on. The key processes were climate and air quality, pollination, pest and disease control, waste management, soil formation, photosynthesis and circulation of nutrients and water.

Cultural services are non-material benefits offered by nature, such as beauty of nature and unpolluted nature and diverse, thriving rural landscape.

Our greatest impacts on biodiversity occur throughout the life cycle of the products on sale.

Raw materials critical to biodiversity in our supply chain include fish and shellfish, timber, palm oil, soy, cocoa and cotton. The sustainable sourcing of these materials is guided by our sustainability policies

We have classified the products and investments in each division that are sustainable from a climate and/or biodiversity perspective. We define sustainable products as those which have a significantly smaller impact on the climate or biodiversity than comparable products or which are important for adapting to climate change or preventing the loss of biodiversity. We report investments which decrease emissions from our own operations or emissions caused by our customers’ actions.

Read more about sustainable products

To improve transparency of our supply chains, we have launched the Tracing our Products website, where we provide information on the origin of products and their journey to the shelves of K-stores.

The website  provides information on the origin of all Pirkka and K-Menu tuna, a mywear t-shirt and Pirkka Fairtrade roses and their journey to the shelves of K-stores. For products of Finnish origin, we first provide information on the journey of PROF Timber products from the forest to sawmills and then on to K-Rauta stores. We aim to add information to the website on products that our customers and stakeholders are particularly interested in.

The products on the Tracing our Products website are K Group’s own brand products. We will select products that face challenges regarding the sustainable production of raw materials and whose purchasing is steered by K Group’s sustainability policies.

To reduce biodiversity loss and to preserve biodiversity, largely the same measures are needed as those used to mitigate climate change: people’s lifestyles must be made more sustainable.

All K Group divisions have the opportunity to offer customers solutions for reducing their climate impacts, since the biggest sources of greenhouse gas emissions in private consumption are housing, food, and transportation.

K Group’s objective is to be carbon neutral by 2025. We will systematically reduce emissions to reach zero emissions from our own operations and transports by 2030. During 2025-2030, we will compensate for the emissions remaining each year. Our objective is to eventually have no need for compensation and make our own operations emission-free by 2030.

The biggest emissions from Kesko’s own operations are related to electricity and heat used in properties and fuel consumption in logistics transports. The primary means to achieve zero emissions are increasing the use of electricity and heat produced with renewable energy and switching to biodiesel or biogas in transports in Finland.

All electricity purchased by Kesko for use in K-stores and other Kesko properties in Finland has been produced with renewable energy since 2017. Our objective is now to increase the share of electricity and heat produced with renewable energy in the other operating countries and in the retailers’ own energy purchases.

In 2021, we made progress towards a carbon neutral K Group with various measures:
• In autumn 2021, the Science Based Targets initiative approved our even more challenging science-based emissions reductions targets with which we commit to limiting global warming to 1.5°C.
• Our objective is to have emission reduction targets set by 2025 for two-thirds of the direct supplier emissions. We participate in the CDP Supply Chain programme and challenge our suppliers to reduce their emissions and to report their climate targets and actions through the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire.
• One of the most important means to make energy consumption more efficient is the ingenious heat recycling system used in K-food stores, which can reduce heat consumption by as much as 95%, making the K-food store almost carbon neutral in terms of energy.

Circular economy and waste management

The transition to a circular economy requires increasingly efficient circulation of materials. We provide our customers with diverse recycling services for packaging, waste and discarded items. We actively develop solutions together with our partners to utilise, for example, production side streams or food waste.   

Waste for recovery

Our objective is to minimise and recover all waste from our operations. In 2021, the recovery rate for reported waste management in Finland was nearly 100% and in the other operating countries it was 93% (includes hazardous waste treatment).

Food waste

We are committed to halve our food waste by 2030 from the 2019 level. Our primary means to prevent waste are selection and replenishement management. Also, our transport and store logistics are optimised so that as little food waste as possible is generated. 

Read more from our Annual Report, pages 57-61

We minimise the climate and nature impacts of our store site projects

We calculate the lifecycle carbon footprint of all new-build store projects, and strive to direct planning to minimise carbon emissions. Top class energy efficiency and natural refrigerants play a central role in minimising the lifecycle emissions of a store property.

We map out the most significant tangible measures related to maintaining and increasing biodiversity in construction projects and store maintenance. Our objective is, wherever possible, to increase biodiversity also in store maintenance work.

In the following we describe the risks and opportunities related to biodiversity that we have identified and have an impact on the operations of K Group and its value chains.


The risks threatening biodiversity that impact K Group’s operations and value chain include:

  • Loss of species
  • Reduction of pollinators; 70% of crops are dependent on pollinators
  • Loss of forests
  • Shortage of water; soil drying and erosion
  • Pollution and eutrophication
  • Reproduction of pests and diseases, such as zoonoses

Increasing regulation to protect biodiversity and loss of species, such as those listed below, requires making changes in business and causes additional costs:

  • EU Timber Regulation
  • Fishing quotas and prohibitions


We enable our customers to lead sustainable and healthy lifestyles.

We already promote sustainable use of natural resources in our own operations.

  • Mitigating climate change: Carbon Neutral K
  • Promoting circular economy solutions and minimising food waste
  • Restoring nature: K Fishpaths

We build our selection in such a way that strives to promote the preservation of biodiversity throughout the life cycle of the products we sell.

  • Sustainable products
  • Sustainability policies

BIODIFUL project

Kesko takes part in the Biodiversity Respectful Leadership (BIODIFUL) project, which examines biodiversity from various perspectives, including consumption, business, and the society.

The interdisciplinary project is led by the University of Turku. Other participants include the Turku School of Economics, Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics, Lappeenranta–Lahti University of Technology LUT, Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), and the Functional Foods Forum.

The project objective is to reshape ideas about business, institutional practices, and consumer behaviour towards leadership that respects biodiversity. Special focus is on the food system and recreational use of nature, which are central to the wellbeing of people and other living things.

Read more about the project

FIBS and Sitra pilot

Kesko is participating in a pilot organised by FIBS and Sitra which enables selected corporations to test the Science Based Targets Network (SBTN) instructions for setting science-based targets for nature.

The international Science Based Targets Network is currently developing instructions for corporations and cities on how to set science-based targets for nature. The instructions are set to be published before the end of 2022, and the objective is to accelerate corporate action aimed at stopping the loss of biodiversity.

FIBS implements the pilot in Finland, funded by Sitra. A total of 10 companies were selected for the pilot, which began in April 2022.

Read more about the pilot

K Fishpaths

Over the period 2017–2021, we carried out an extensive K Fishpaths collaboration with the environmental organisation WWF Finland to save endangered migratory fish populations. All migratory fish in Finland are endangered because our streams and rivers are full of barriers that block migration, such as culverts or old mill dams. During the collaboration we removed 27 barriers to migratory fish spawning grounds and created 300 new gravel beds in a spirit of cooperation with local operators, land and
waterway owners, local K-retailers and volunteers. With these efforts, we freed over 100 km of spawning grounds and habitats for endangered fish. During the collaboration, we organised 35 K Fishpaths events, in which a total of more than 1,000 volunteers participated along with more than 70 K-stores and K-retailers.

Read more about K Fishpaths

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